Wine making at home is not at all difficult! If you wish to begin with the process of wine making at home, then here is all your chance. All you have to do is just follow some basic, easy steps. As a beginner, you must remember the following steps:
1)Before you start, know that it is not easy to produce wine at home in bulk for the starters. The process of wine making needs to be well established and organized.
2)To help prevent oxidation of homemade wine, wine bottle must be treated and cleaned with sulfites in the form of camden tablets copiously after the fermenting process
3)When you make beverages in bulk quantities, it gives better results. However, larger volume of wine is less susceptible to changes in temperatures, even when there is a change in temperature
4)Bottling and preservation of wine in order to age the bulk wine, you must make sure to stabilize it before preserving
5)Always seal the bottle with cork and wax, but the seal should be air lock. Prevent the wine or the containers of wine from air. Do not leave any loop holes from where the air can pass in and out
6)Lastly, keep the opus once the former batch of wine has been completely consumed, and then your wine is ready.
The above are just the basics. To know more, we need to go in deep. However, wine making at home differs from region to region, people to people, and climate to climate. As a beginner, you are likely to start off with 1 gallon wine’s jar. When you are done with this, you would not probably go for making another batch of wine unless you finish off with the old stock. Avoid doing this! Start in bulk, drink in gulp, and end with a burp! Make batches simultaneously. You might end up wasting and ruining a lot of wine. Be careful with this. As you begin, make sure that you do not ruin your wine by oxidation. Let us focus on some basic wine making steps.
Easy Steps for Wine Making At Home
1)Sterilize equipments or 1 gallon wine making container or jar methodically with warm water
2)Pour all grape juice and add the whole concentrate in a container or a jar
3)Take about 3 liters of cold water and add it into the jar, which contains grape juice
4)Now take some amount of warm water, add sugar in it and stir thoroughly, and wait till it dissolves
5)Take the sugar solution and pour all into the container
6)Take the whole container and place it in a warm place. The temperature should be 21-24 degree Celsius, approximately. Else, use a heating belt or pad
7)When the fermentation process is done, crush 2 tablets of Campden along with potassium sorbate
8.)Refill the bug and see that no air escapes. Air-lock it!
9)Now, keep the wine in a cool place. The temperature should be 15 degrees Celsius
10)Pass the wine through the filter when clearing is done and fir the cork. Now it is ready! Drink and enjoy. Wine making at home is now made easy!
What Does Organic Winemaking Mean?
As it sounds, organic wine is produced from biologically grown grapes. The grapes that are grown organically, without sprinkles of artificial fertilizers, synthetic chemicals, pesticides, fungicides, herbicides, growth regulators, and hormones are used in the production of organic wines.
However, there have been some debates regarding the organic wine and many people believe the organic wine to be sulfite-free. If we see, the sulfites are natural derivatives of the fermentation process and wine cannot be produced without sulfites. Wines with less sulfites or free of externally added sulfites do exist. Indeed, sulfites in winemaking are mandatory as the bacteria and some species of yeast present on the grape skins would darken the color of wine and may oxidize it, and thus sulfites help preventing the wine from oxidizing and inhibiting the growth of unwanted bacteria and yeast.
Organic wine makers avoid adding sulfites and other preservatives and chemical substances in excess quantities to the wine, but winemaking process and storage conditions never differ from the other winemakers.
Now, let us see the process of organic winemaking at home.
Process of organic winemaking:
1.Before getting started with organic winemaking at home, make sure that you are sterilizing all equipment to be used in winemaking
2.Small sized grapes derive distinctive flavor from the outer skin and hence smaller ones are generally preferred for their superior ratio of skin to juice
3.Wash the grapes and separate them from stems
4.Combine grapes, add them in a sufficient amount of water and boil in a kettle
5.Once the above has become tender, remove it from flame, strain the juice and let the juice refrigerate for 24 hours and then strain again
6.Now add sufficient sugar to the above strained grape juice and boil
7.After boiling, pour the hot juice into the jars, along with some yeast and airlock the jars
8.Now keep the above sealed jars in a warm place maintaining steady temperature
9.Make sure that you are checking the sugar levels at different stages with hydrometer
10.At the end of fermentation, you can add one to two Campden tablets and re-airlock the jar to avoid any further oxidation and spoiling the whole wine
11.Now the jar filled with wine must be left in a cool place to clear and a few days later transfer the wine from the sediment.
Organic winemaking is done by keeping various steps in mind. Though it is not that complex, it is not easy too. You have to be more precise in carrying out the winemaking process. Always remember that even a single minor mistake can ruin your wine. So be careful in following the steps. It is always recommended to train yourself before jumping in. Ask any local winemaker for assistance or just be a spectator when someone experienced does the job.
However, the basic steps will help you in carrying out the basic procedure of organic winemaking at home. Before you begin, try at least twice by giving it a rough test.
White wine making process started centuries ago. It is an age-old process and the most important. People consume wine since several centuries. Today, it is a dominating business worldwide. White wine making is one of the varieties of many types of wine making.
White Wine Making
White wine is just a term! If you observe, then the actual white wine is not at all white, but it is yellow in color. However, people throughout world accept the color as white and not yellow. The process of white wine making or vinification of white wine is more complex and time consuming than the vinification of red wine.
The following are the two major methods involved in the process of white wine making
1)Usage of white grapes: Before you begin the process of white wine making, make sure that you select a bunch of white grapes. White grapes are not white, they just appear to be white. In fact, the white grapes, as we know, are yellowish in color or greenish yellow, pinkish yellow, or even golden yellow. White wine is the result of fermentation of white grapes’ juice or their extracts.
2)The second method is kind of composite. The extracts are from red grapes, but if care is not taken, then there are great chances of your wine not becoming white. However, this usually happens when care is taken and certain measures are observed.The Basic and Easy Procedure of
White Wine Making
1)Harvest Time: During this time, the grapes are plucked when they are ripe, and selected for wine making
2)Crushing Through Stemmer: Grapes should go under this stemmer crusher in order to get crushed. This procedure eliminates stems from bunches. After this, grapes are crushed and are exposed to yeast for fermenting process
3)Time Period: Grapes are crushed and are stored in the form of juice in a large container. More grapes are added and the juice is settled down in various large containers in the cellar or in basement, depending on the maker’s decision. The time is very important as the juice should be kept for long in order to make juice into a wine. This happens only when yeast covers the gamut of juice
4)Squeezing: Press, squeeze the grapes and juice will come out of the pomace. When you do this, always remember that you should not press or squeeze hard because when you do, the essence will be lost and you will get a tasteless wine. To get a true wine and the most quality wine, you must press gently and allow the juice to mix
5)Fermentation: First, the yeast turns sugar present in grapes into wine. Before turning it into wine, it turns into carbon dioxide
After fermentation, the following procedure takes place:
- Wine Settlement
- Oak Aging
- Malo-Lactic Fermentation
- Fining and Filtering
The process of white wine making is overall interesting and exciting. White wine can be of the following tastes:
You can drink white wine any time- before or after meals, or with no meals at all. Here we just discussed white wine making procedure. Enjoy drinking, cheers!
What Does Wine Making Yeast Mean?
Yeast plays the crucial and imperative role in wine making. In oceans, yeasts dominate fungal multiplicity. Yeasts are tiny orgasms which reproduce asexually by budding. There are approximately 15,000 species of yeasts known till now. Wine making yeast helps in the production of wine. Without yeast, there is no possibility for the wine production as yeast does all the work, from the time of beginning.
Types of Yeast Use in Wine Making
There are many yeast species. For wine making, Saccharomyces cerevisiae is used. Saccharomyces cerevisiae is also used for baking, besides fermentation of alcoholic beverages. This has been seen throughout history that it is being used for fermenting of alcoholic beverages and for baking purposes. However, it is concluded that only 1% of yeasts has been identified and defined.
Nutritional Values of Wine Making Yeast
Yeast is a superb source of proteins and vitamins. It is a rich source of vitamin B-complex, where it produces positive and very healthy results. Its purposes are related with metabolism, including several essential minerals and important factors that are vital for the growth.
Naturally, yeasts are low in sodium and fat. Some of the yeasts are equipped with the most important vitamin, vitamin-B12. The nutritional yeasts have creamy, cheesy flavor, and it also taste like nuts.
Characteristics of Wine Making Yeast
Sugar that is present in grape juice is converted into alcohol or wine by the yeast. However, yeast is present all over the grapes invisibly even before pruning or fermentation. The single cell of Saccharomyces cerevisiae devours sugar in grape juice. Then it converts juice into carbon dioxide and almost equivalent amount of alcohol.
The endogenous yeast helps in fermentation, nevertheless it cannot give precise results as everything depends on the species of yeasts, including the quantity. The stifles of endogenous yeasts assures expected and consistent fermentation. The wine making yeast is the strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. However, different species have diverse fermentative and physiological properties.
When the fermentation crosses over 18%, just like human beings, yeasts get intoxicated and fall into a cataleptic mass. This case occurs due to the lack of nutrients and sugar. This is similar to human’s condition.
Wine making yeast can endure various climatic conditions and can survive a range of numerous temperatures. However, extremities can make yeasts perish depending on the climatic fluctuations.
The term wine faults describe the carelessness or certain cataclysms, which occur during or before the fermentation. The wine making process involves good care, time investment, smartness, keen observation, efforts, and precise instructions. Always remember this!
Wine faults occur when some yeasts such as Brettanomyces and Zygosaccharomyces develop in wine. This unwanted growth of yeasts can result in consequent loss and wine faults. Brettanomyces is considered as a major contributor to wine damage or wine faults.
Wine making yeast can be found anywhere in the market or you can create it by producing on your own in your house. It just takes a little time and correct procedure.
Wine making process started centuries ago when man started cultivating grapes and started maintaining vine yards. Wine making recipe, in ancient world, was somewhat different compared to today’s process. In ancient time, people did not have any refined instruments or any sophisticated utensils.
The wine making process is known as vinification. On the other hand, the wine maker is known as vinter. Wine makers can also be referred to as enologists or oenologists as they study enology or oenology, the study of wine.
Here, we will see the process of wine making recipe.
Wine Making Recipe
There are various types of wine making recipes available and you can choose from any number of varieties. Some of the famous and most wanted are:
1) Almond Wine
2) Apple Wine
3) Apricot Wine
4) Blackberry Wine
5) Cherry Wine
6) Gooseberry Wine
7) Greengage Wine
8.) Mead Wine
9) Passion Fruit Wine
10) Pear Juice Wine
Now, all you need to do is to follow some simple, basic steps and make delectable wine right at your home. Let us see how Almond wine is made.
- Almond Wine Making Recipe
- Take 2 oz. assorted almonds (sweet and bitter, mixed)
- 1 lb. raisins
- Up to 3 lb sugar (preferably granulated)
- Water (1 gallon)
- Nutrient and yeast
- At least 3 lemons.
Procedure of Almond Wine Making Recipe
1)Chop the almonds and raisins, mix them together and mince
2) After this, boil them in 1 gallon of water, along with lemon zest in grain-bag for at least an hour
3) Add granulated sugar and stir, make sure it gets dissolved, then mix gently
4) After you are done with boiling, keep the whole stuff for cooling at 70 degrees approximately
5) Take the grain-bag, remove it and squeeze in order to extract the juice (liquor)
6) Gather liquor into a primary fermented container
7) Now, add water to reinstate 1 gallon
8.) Time to add nutrient, lemon juice, and yeast
9) Cover the whole portion and blend twice a day for about 10 days
10) Remove whole extract from the container and airlock it in a fermenting bottle
11) Important- Make sure that the air does not pass
12) Support it for first 30 days, and then again 6 weeks later
13) Shelf it in an airtight bottle for 1 year
14) Remove it and taste after a year.
Note: It is a known fact that when you keep a wine for more than a year, it tastes much better. It is an age-old fact that old wine gives much intoxicating affect than the recent ones. The yeast present in wine keeps getting stronger and stronger as time passes by and this is the reason why old wine is more intoxicating and tasty.
It is also very important to note that the superiority and eminence of wine should not fade. Maintain the fineness of wine by taking certain important measures while bottling it. If you wish to know more about wine making recipes, you can consult any of the wine makers in your locality.